Mr. Adrian Scrase, CTO, ETSI: Role of standardization is to ensure that when you start to deploy your networks you have a technology that has been tested and proven and will inter operate with multiple suppliers. So with the telecommunications networks today are fully dependent on standards, without those standards you’d not be able to have the choice of vendors, you’d not have interoperability and you’d not have the economies of scale.
Mr. Pradeep Bhardwaj, Sr. Strategy Director & Head, Industry Standards, Syniverse: The role of standards plays a very very key role for any technology generation because that is how these new technologies come to the fore. And in the context of 5G, the role standards play is even greater because of the enormous complexity that 5G brings to the table so far its only been about communications but 5G is the first technology that takes technology to other domain, other verticals, other industries like healthcare, mining industries, media and broadcast, automotives. So, standards basically are where it starts altogether.
Mr. Narang N. Kishor, Chairman, Smart Infrastructure Sectional Committee LITD 28, Bureau of Indian Standards: The role of standardization in 5G is very crucial, for the matter of 5G as in new technology that has come up. Standardization ensures that there is a structured innovation in the market and the ecosystem. It takes care of all the nuances required for all the stakeholders of this ecosystem. And particularly 5G is bringing a very new paradine because it is no more like earlier all the 2G, 3G communication technologies were considered as a pipe. Now 5G with the new architecture is going to the cloud and using all kinds of software and IT technologies whether is it micro services, containers and service based architectures. So using these now, how do we convert and bring harmonization with all other stakeholders of this ecosystem. Standards help you ensure that there are seamless interoperability that are sharing knowledge between different stakeholders and different components of the complex systems and particularly 5G are going to bring in some very new things like ultra reliable low latency communication which is very important for mission critical operation whether it is robotic surgery or remote operation of the machinery. Global standardization SDO organization as well as the national SDOs have a role to play to ensure that their respective stakeholder’s interest are taken care of while developing the standards like India has already brought in some new India specific requirement into the 3GPP standards. Similarly in Bureau of Indian Standards, we are trying to work on the application layer standards for using 5G and also we are looking for 5G inclusive ICT architecture for smart cities where we have some of the immediate initiative that are happening in the 5G standardization within India.